Volume 29, Issue 9 (12-2021)                   JSSU 2021, 29(9): 4075-4082 | Back to browse issues page

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Ordooei M, Azizi R, Amir Shahkarami S. Evaluation of Diabetes Control Status in Children Aged 3 to 18 Years with Type 1 Diabetes: Retrospective Study. JSSU 2021; 29 (9) :4075-4082
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-5355-en.html
Abstract:   (1001 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metabolic diseases that is associated with many complications. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease caused by a lack of insulin production due to high blood glucose levels. It is the third most severe and chronic childhood illness, affecting approximately 15 million children worldwide. Given the importance of controlling type 1 diabetes, especially in children, in this study we aimed to examine the status of diabetes control in children 3 to 18 with type 1 diabetes.
Methods: This study was a retrospective analytical cross-sectional study. The study population included 121 children aged 3-18 years with type 1 diabetes referred to Yazd Diabetes Center in 2018 to 2019. The information, including age, sex, BMI, patient maturity stage, duration of diabetes, mean A1C, daily insulin dose, number of blood glucose measurements per day and number of DKA attacks were extracted. The collected data were entered into SPSS version 16, using statistical tests were analyzed.
Results: The results showed that the mean age of participants was 12.92± 3.96 years and the mean of A1c in patients was 8.63 ± 1.94. The results of our study on diabetes control status in the studied patients showed that 38.8% of patients had partial diabetes control status, 32.2% had good diabetes control status and 28.9% had poor diabetes control status. In addition, according to the results of the study, there was no statistically significant difference was found  among the frequency distribution of diabetes control status in terms of variables of puberty stage (p = 0.228), BMI (p = 0.508), age (p = 0.275), daily dose of bisal / bolus insulin (p = 0.479), dose Daily NPH / regular insulin (p = 0.386), number of blood glucose checks (p = 0.090), number of hospitalizations due to DKA (p = 0.539), duration of diabetes (p = 0.093) and gender (p = 0.263). .
Conclusion: According to the results of the study, it can be concluded that none of the studied variables affect the control status of diabetes in children aged 3-18 years with type 1 diabetes.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Received: 2021/02/1 | Accepted: 2021/05/2 | Published: 2021/12/1

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