Volume 26, Issue 5 (Agu 2018)                   JSSU 2018, 26(5): 374-384 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yafani A, Karami S, Gandomi F. The effect of a new balance training period in the land and water on instability index, pain, and balance in the athletes with chronic ankle instability . JSSU 2018; 26 (5) :374-384
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-4419-en.html
Abstract:   (4098 Views)
 Introduction: Ankle sprain is one of the most common injuries among the athletes. According to some research, balance deficit and ankle instability are reported in those with chronic ankle instability. The aim of this study was studying the effect of 6 weeks' new balance training in the land and water on balance, instability index and pain in the athletes with chronic ankle instability.
Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 30 athletes with chronic ankle instability were selected with purposeful sampling and randomly were placed in two groups (aquatic and land therapy). Pain, instability, the static and semi-static balance were measured pre and post training. The intervention included the six-week modern balance training in the water and land. To analyze the data, SPSS (22) software was used. to compare the results of the pre-test and post-test, paired sample t-test and to compare the means between two groups, the independent sample t-test was used. The significance level was 0.05.
Results: The results showed that both experimental groups had a significant difference in the instability index (P=0.001), static (P=0.001) and semi-dynamic (P=0.002) balance compared to the pre-intervention stage, but there was no significant difference in pain variable (P=0.38). However, comparison of the means of the studied variables between the two groups did not show a significant difference in the instability index (P=0.1), static (P=0.8, P=0.6), semi-dynamic (P=0.9, P=0.5) and pain (P=0.8).
Conclusion: Many clinicians propose water-based exercises in the ankle injured athletes, which are costly in addition to time-consuming. The results of this study suggest that the patients with chronic ankle instability can rehabilitate by use of available tools, even at home.
Full-Text [PDF 954 kb]   (1793 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: other
Received: 2017/12/20 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/10/22

1. Smith BI, Docherty CL, Simon J, Klossner J, Schrader J. Ankle Strength and Force Sense After a Progressive 6-Week Strength-Training Program in People With Functional Ankle Instability. J Athl Train 2012; 47 (3): 282–88.
2. Cruz-Diaz D, Lomas-Vega R, Osuna-Pérez M C, Contreras F H, Martínez-Amat A. Effects of 6 Weeks of Balance Training on Chronic Ankle Instability in Athletes. Int J Sports Med 2015; 36(9): 754–60.
3. De Noronha M, França LC, Haupenthal A, Nunes GS. Intrinsic predictive factors for ankle sprain in active university students. A prospective study. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2013; 23(5): 541-7.
4. Jain TK, Wauneka CN, Liu W. The effect of balance training on ankle proprioception in patients with functional ankle instability. J Foot Ankle Res 2014; 7(1): A37 1-2.
5. Mahdavi JZ, Mahdavinezhad R, Zolaktaf V, Sahebazamani M, Mahmodi NAA. Comparison of the balance between femail Basketball player with and without the history of the ankle sprain. J sport Med 2010; 2(1): 103-14. [Persian]
6. Han J, Waddington G, Anson J, Adams R. Level of competitive success achieved by elite athletes and multi-joint proprioceptive ability. J Sci Med Sport 2015; 18 (1): 77–81.
7. Lin C. Proprioceptive training reduces the risk of ankle sprain recurrence in athletes. Aust J physio 2009; 55(4): 283
8. Rojhani shirazi Z, Shafaei R, Afanadideh M. The effect of balance exercises on proprioception joints of knee and ankle and balance time on one leg in healthy female students. J Rafsanjan Uni Med Sci 2011; 10 (4): 289-98. [Persian]
9. Resende SM, Rassi CM, Viana FP. Effect of hydrotherapy in balance and prevention of falls among elderly women. J Rev Bras fisioter 2008; 12(1): 57-63.
10. Peterson C. Exercise in 94 degrees F water for a patient with multiple sclerosis. J Phys Ther 2001; 81(4): 1049-58.
11. Prentice W E. Rehabilitation Techniques for Sports Medicine and Athletic Training McGraw-Hill Humanities 2011: 318-36.
12. Melzer I, Elbar O, Tsedek I, Oddsson L. A water-based training program that include perturbation exercises to improve stepping responses in older adults study protocol for a randomized controlled cross-over trail. BMC Geriatr 2008; 8(1): 19.
13. Hiller Claire E, Refshauge Kathryn M, Bundy Anita C, Herbert Rob D, Kilbreath, Sharon L. The Cumberland ankle instability tool: a report of validity and reliability testing. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. J Arch phys Med Rehabil 2006; 87(9): 1235-41.
14. El Sayed MMA. Balance Exercises and its Role in the Treatment of Chronic Ankle Instability. World J Sport Sci 2012; 6(2): 95-101.
15. Ben Moussa Zouita A, Majdoub O, Ferchichi H, Grandy K, Dziri C, Ben Salah FZ. The effect of 8-weeks proprioceptive exercise program in postural sway and isokinetic strength of ankle sprains of Tunisian athletes. J Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2013; 56(9-10): 634-43
16. Rozzi S, Lephart S, Sterner R, Kuligowski L. Balance training for persons with functionally unstable ankles. J Orthop Sport Phys 1999; 29(8): 478-86
17. Asimenia G, Paraskevi M, Polina S, Anastasia B, Kyriakos T, Georgios G. Aquatic Training for Ankle Instability. J Foot Ankle Spec 2013; 6(5): 346-50.
18. Yalfani A, Sharifi M, Raeisi Z. Compare effect of two training methods in the environment of water and land on improvement pain, performance, static and dynamic balance of people with chronic ankle instability. J sport Med 2015; 7(2): 175-91. [Persian]
19. Kim E, Kim T, Kang H, Lee J, Childers MK. Aquatic Versus Land-based Exercises as Early Functional Rehabilitation for Elite Athletes with Acute Lower Extremity Ligament Injury. A Pilot Study J PM R 2010; 2(8): 703-12.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | SSU_Journals

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb