Volume 21, Issue 4 (Sep-Oct 2013)                   JSSU 2013, 21(4): 533-546 | Back to browse issues page

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Asgari A, keshavarzi K, Parach A. Application of Intra-ocular Lenses in Cataract Surgery and the Factors Influencing Visual Acuity after Surgery . JSSU 2013; 21 (4) :533-546
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2353-en.html
Abstract:   (9779 Views)
Introduction: With the growing and rapid development of refractive surgery, researches focus increasingly on improvement of visual quality after cataract surgery. Intraocular lenses (IOLs) were a successful effort in the field of cataract surgery. Despite significant advances in cataract surgery, several complications related to surgical technique and IOL design after surgery can cause vision changes and reduce accuracy. Improvements in IOL design and surgical technique have a significant impact on the rate and extent of Tilt and Decentration effects. Because of small movement in modern intraocular lenses (aspheric), its performance can be significantly reduced, therefore aberration correction in the eye with an artificial lens requires to be more careful on IOL centration and location. Methods: In this paper, the characteristics of intraocular lenses and devices used in the measurement and design of this lens are also taken into consideration. In addition, factors affecting the optical and visual acuity in cataract surgery such as Tilt and Decentration are presented. Additionally, materials in regard to computer simulation of optical models of the eye in research as well as optical computations in clinical situations are provided. Conclusion: Finally, the findings revealed that obtaining optimal vision in cataract surgery requires precise measurement and computational techniques as well as an awareness of aberrations that may be created during or after surgery. Moreover, further research and improvement in the process of measurement and calculation will enhance the visual acuity in cataract surgery.
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Ophthalmology
Received: 2013/04/15 | Accepted: 2013/10/9 | Published: 2013/10/14

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