Volume 12, Issue 3 (autumn 2004)                   JSSU 2004, 12(3): 78-84 | Back to browse issues page

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Enjezab B, Faraj khoda T, Mojahed S, Bokaee M. Barriers and Motivators Related to Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening. JSSU 2004; 12 (3) :78-84
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1253-en.html
Abstract:   (14685 Views)
Introduction: modern knowledge could protect against cancer for individuals in community with early stage and premalignat state. Screening of cancer is best instrument for early detection of malignancy. Between women’s cancers breast and cervical cancer have more incidence and mortality than other cancers . But could be prevented by simple and cheep screening programs. Despite specific statistics in Iran evidence shows that women’s participation in screening program is poor , so cancers are diagnosed in advanced stage. The purpose of this study was to identify major barriers and motivators for breast and cervical screening . Methods: This survey was a descriptive study in which 400 women participated in health and treatment centers in Yazd. Sampling method was done in two simple and random stages. Data was collected by inventory and questionnaire . Then data were analyzed by SPSS soft ware . Results: Findings showed that 80% of them never refereed to a health provider for clinical breast exam (C B E) and only 3% of them did regularly C B E . 46% of them had never done pap smear and only 14.5 % of them did regularly pap smear. The findings showed that major motivators were as follow: advice of health’s personnel , using of contraceptive methods , and awareness of media. Also the major barriers were as follow : Not having knowledge of these exams , not having knowledge of the existence of these centers of education and practice , not having precious health problems , fear of examination , Embarrassment of examination and health providers not to teach them . to consider the most important barriers were propounded which showed that health education role to eliminate barriers for referring women for screening . Discussion: Based on the results of this sample , screening was the least expected . considering barriers and motivators observed it was revealed that health education was required for prevention of common women’s cancers. Also considering the role of health providers in promoting health of community population and for health centers attracting them for participation in health program , It is appropriate to plan education health programs to eliminate barriers and to strengthen motivators of referring women for screening common centers in women.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2010/12/6 | Published: 2004/10/15

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