Volume 29, Issue 6 (9-2021)                   JSSU 2021, 29(6): 3785-3810 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jafardoust Bostani R, Parvini Kohneshahri M. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Clinical Features, Genetics of Disease, and Diagnosis Criteria. JSSU. 2021; 29 (6) :3785-3810
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-5389-en.html
Abstract:   (1077 Views)
Introduction: The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine condition affecting 7-10% of women in reproductive age. PCOS is generally characterized by hirsutism, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries. Insulin resistance is the hallmark of PCOS with a considerable prevalence. Despite numerous studies, the etiology of PCOS haas not been cleared yet; PCOS is considered a multifactorial syndrome with a wide range of genetic, endocrine, molecular, and environmental abnormalities. Altered expression of several genes and miRNAs in PCOS patients has become a useful and non-invasive method in the characterization of PCOS in the last decades. On the other hand, altered secretion of sexual hormones like testosterone, progesterone, and estrogen can be a valid confirmation of PCOS. Several methods and drugs are used to treat PCOS like anti-androgens, insulin sensitizers, and bariatric surgery.
Conclusion: Taken together, PCOS is a common abnormality among women and not only does affect fertility, but also influences different aspects of their life from anxiety to type two diabetes. Women, especially in third world countries should care about their lifestyle and diet, which has a vital role in the prevention of PCOS. New methods in the diagnosis of PCOS lead to declining the side effects of PCOS.
Full-Text [PDF 1317 kb]   (442 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Biology
Received: 2021/03/3 | Accepted: 2021/06/8 | Published: 2021/09/1

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | SSU_Journals

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb