Volume 24, Issue 6 (sep 2016)                   JSSU 2016, 24(6): 501-512 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghaneian M, Kazemi-Zahrani H. Prevalence of Sleep Disturbance and Neuropsychological Learning Disabilities in Preschool Children in Isfahan City. JSSU. 2016; 24 (6) :501-512
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3481-en.html
Abstract:   (7095 Views)

Introduction: The prevalence of sleep disorders is different in international studies. Sleep disorders with the increasing prevalence among children is common. Cognitive problems are the most serious complication of sleep disorders in children. The present study, the prevalence of sleep problems and neuropsychological learning disabilities were evaluated on pre-school children (4-6 years old) in Isfahan in the year of (1393-1394).

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 350 pre-school children in 1393-1394. They have been selected for cluster sampling method. The sleep disturbances scale questionnaire for children (SDSC) and Conners neuropsychological questionnaire were given to the mothers of pre-school children.

Results: The results showed 144 (41.14%) pre-school children were prone to sleep disturbances,  out of 280 pre-school children, 92 people (32.85%) had neuropsychological learning disabilities, 31 children, disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (8.85%), 15 children, sleep disordered breathing (4.28%), 53 children, excessive sleepiness disorder (15.14%), 74 children, sleep wake disorders (21.14%), 32 children, 32 children, arousal disorder (9.14%), 43 children, sleep hyperhidrosis (12.28%), 62 children, attention problems (22.14%), 1 children, impaired sensory function (0.7%), 4 children, language dysfunction (1.42%), 7 children, general learning and memory impairment (2.5%), 14 children, executive dysfunction (6.42%).

Conclusion: The prevalence of sleep and attention problems could indicate the importance of sleep and attention problems, furthermore, it could be awareness as regards patterns of the healthy sleep and neuropsychological learning disabilities in order to enhance the awareness of parents and health care providers.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2015/11/8 | Accepted: 2016/08/3 | Published: 2016/10/4

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