Volume 32, Issue 4 (7-2024)                   JSSU 2024, 32(4): 7715-7723 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghamari M, Siroosi M, Beigverdi R. Prevalence of Group B Streptococcus Colonization in Pregnant Women in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JSSU 2024; 32 (4) :7715-7723
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-6073-en.html
Abstract:   (91 Views)
Introduction: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae is one of the main causes of invasive infections such as meningitis and septicemia in infants. Genital colonization with group B streptococci has been related to increased risk of premature delivery, and premature infants are at greater risk of disease. There is limited information about the prevalence of rectovaginal GBS colonization in pregnant women in Iran. The aim of the present study was investigating the prevalence of group B streptococcus colonization in pregnant women in Iran.
Methods: Information of this study was attained by searching on databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science and SID using relevant keywords and without time limit. Then, the studies containing the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The data were analyzed using Comprehensive MetaAnalysis software (Biostat V3). Heterogeneity between studies was investigated with the I2 index and based on the results of heterogeneity, the random effect model was implemented in order to determine the prevalence of GBS in pregnant women.
Results: Out of 231 articles, 15 articles were included in the study. The analysis of 15 studies showed that the prevalence of GBS in Iranian pregnant women was 12.2% (95% CI: 9.9-15.1).
Conclusion: In order to prevent the invasive neonatal disease, screening for GBS colonization is recommended for pregnant women in 35–37 weeks of gestation. Regarding the lack of preventive strategies for GBS infections in Iran, national guidelines should be established to guide the obstetricians, midwives, and nurses on the prevention of GBS infections.
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2023/08/30 | Accepted: 2023/12/19 | Published: 2024/07/5

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