Volume 24, Issue 3 (Jun 2016)                   JSSU 2016, 24(3): 261-268 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (12721 Views)

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) causes same diseases such as osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and fractures, and also it is shown that Vitamin D deficiency could lead to some cardiovascular disease, diabetes and many types of cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the frequency of vitamin D deficiency among referring to laboratories in Eyvan city during 2015 and 2016.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 and 2015 on patients who were referred to the laboratories at Eyvan city. Serum levels of 25OHD were determined using a ELISA assay. The data were analyzed SPSS 17 software using descriptive and analytical tests.

Results: Out of 2 919 participants, 2053 patients were women. The average age was 36.25±17.1 (range 1-92) yrs. The overall prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the patients admitted to the medical laboratories was estimated that approximately 62%. The prevalence severe and moderate vitamin D deficiency was calculated 10.4 and 51.5, respectively. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among the ages 1-6, 7-18, 19-60 and over 60 years was estimated 45%, 59%, 64% and 58%, respectively. The mean vitamin D concentration was 36.25±18.79 ng/ml. The relationship between deficiency of vitamin D with age and gender was statistically significant (P=000).

Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency prevalence is high, so the intervention plan seems essential to avoid complications of vitamin D deficiency such as medication treatment and establishing nationally-mandated food fortification programs to enhance the intake of vitamin D.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2016/04/13 | Accepted: 2016/07/9 | Published: 2016/08/9

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