Volume 23, Issue 4 (Jun-Jul 2015)                   JSSU 2015, 23(4): 2136-2148 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (6489 Views)
Introduction: Dental abscesses and periodontal disease can be regarded as the common causes of odontogenic sinusitis. Apical periodontitis, periodontal disease, implant treatment and teeth extraction lead to the increase risk of maxillary sinus mucositis. The maxillary sinuses are usually well visualized on panoramic images. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the association between mucosal thickening of the sinuses and periodontal bone loss(PBL) on the digital panoramic images. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, a total of 200 digital panoramic images related to patients at least suffering from mild periodontal bone loss were reviewed. Type and severity of PBL of posterior teeth were assessed, and the presence of mucosal thickening was recorded. The study data were analyzed via SPSS software ( version17) applying Chi-square test. Moreover, significant level of P –value of less than. 005 was determined . Results: Mucosal thickening was significantly correlated with the bone loss and pattern type of the bone loss. Moreover, the prevalence of sinus mucosal thickening was 12.10% in patients with mild bone loss, 27.45% in patients with moderate bone loss, 63.15% in patients with severe bone loss. No statistically significant relationship was detected between Maxillary sinus mucositis with patients’ age and sex (p =0.05). Conclusion: In patients suffering from the bone loss, increased severity of the bone loss can lead to an increase in the prevalence of sinus mucosal thickening. The maxillary sinus mucositis was reported to be more prevalent in the bone loss with a vertical pattern rather than the bone loss with a horizontal pattern. Moreover, based on the results of the present study, the periodontal disease may increase the risk of sinus mucosal thickening.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Dental
Received: 2015/03/5 | Accepted: 2015/05/10 | Published: 2015/07/12

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