Volume 19, Issue 6 (Jan-Feb 2012)                   JSSU 2012, 19(6): 821-830 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (10823 Views)
Introduction: Technologic improvement and increased production of car and motorcycle have led to the increased incidence of maxillofacial trauma all around the world. Injuries of maxillofacial region include fractures of mandible, maxilla, zygoma, orbit and nasal bone, which is due to different etiologic factors such as motor vehicle accidents, quarreling, fall, and sport-related and work- related accidents. The Purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of maxillofacial fracture in CT-scan radiographs in Shahid Sadoghi and Shahid Rahnemon emergency departments in Yazd from 2007 till 2010. Methods: In this retrospective study we assessed the medical files of all patients with maxillofacial traumawho were admitted at Shahid Sadoughi and Shahid Rahnemoun hospitals in ENT and surgery wards during a 4-year period. The information from patients' medical file and CT scan radiographs were recorded. At last 372 patients were evaluated. Results: In this study the age of patients showed to be between 20 and 29. Eighty six and fourteen percent of patients were males and females, respectively. Among all fractures, mandible fracture was the most frequent one (50.8%). The most frequent etiologic factor was accident (59%) and the most frequent outcome was partial recovery (46.4%) and death was observed in 0.8% of individuals. Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the most frequent etiologic factor of trauma to maxillofacial region is motor vehicle accident similar to other developing countries.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2012/02/26 | Published: 2012/03/15