Volume 25, Issue 5 (Jul-Aug 2017)                   JSSU 2017, 25(5): 333-346 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Givehchi E, Navabinejad S, Farzad V. Comparing the Efficacy of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy with Non-Violent Communication Program on the Children's Externalizing Symptoms . JSSU. 2017; 25 (5) :333-346
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-4155-en.html
Abstract:   (4721 Views)
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two interventions, concluding cognitive-behavioral therapy and nonviolent communication on externalizing problem of children 5 to 8 years.
Methods: In order to achieve the objectives of the study, quasi-experimental one was assigned. The study population consisted of the children 5 to 8 years in Tehran, referring to the Comprehensive Psychiatric Center Group Atiyeh. The sample group consisted of 30 children with externalizing symptoms were selected through the targeted method.. Sample group was assigned to two experimental and control groups, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and non-violent communication. The experimental groups participated in their therapy sessions, while the control groups received no treatment. For collecting data Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) by participants before, after and at follow-up treatment was completed.
Results: Findings showed that there were significant differences between grades of children's externalizing symptoms related to 2 experimental groups compared with before and after the intervention. There was no significant difference between the grades of children in the control group who had not received the intervention. Also, we have founded that the behavioral methodology was most effective and useful on reducing internalized children's symptoms compared with the other 2 interventions methods.
Conclusion: According to the effectiveness of those psychological treatments on reducing the children's internalized syndrome, it seems that their methods will be suitable for prevention and treatment of children's behavioral problems.
Full-Text [PDF 610 kb]   (2229 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/04/10 | Accepted: 2017/07/29 | Published: 2017/10/2

2. Gamari H, nader M, savari H. Effectiveness of the cognitive behavior therapy and mindfulness in crack abuser's mental health. sh-addiction 2014; 1(4):47-62. [In Persian]
3. Saleh J, Mahmoudi O, Paydar M. Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on the Reduction of Depression among Students JCMH 2015; 2(1): 83-88. [In Persian]
4. Tavoli A, Allahyari A, Azadfalah P, Fahi-Ashtiani A, Melyani M. A Comparison of the effectiveness of interpersonal and cognitive behavioral therapies for social anxiety disorder. J Behavioral Sci 2013; 7(3): 199-206. [In Persian]
5. Achenbach TM, McConaughy SH, Ivanova MY, Rescorla LA. Manual for the ASEBA Brief Problem Monitor (BPM). Burlington, VT: ASEBA 2011: 1-33.
6. Sukhodolsky DG, Kassinove H, Gorman BS. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anger in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis. Aggression and violent behavior 2004; 9(3): 247-269.
7. Lee L, Little johns S. Deconstructing Agnes–externalization in systemic supervision. J Family Therapy 2007; 29(3): 238-248.
8. Liu J. Childhood externalizing behavior: theory and implications. J child and adolescent psychiatric nursing 2004; 17(3): 93-103.
9. Arnold DH, Brown SA, Meagher S, Baker CN, Dobbs J, Doctoroff GL. Preschool-based programs for externalizing problems. Education and Treatment of Children 2006; 29(2): 311-39.
10. Yeganeh T, Khanzadeh AA, Zarbakhsh MR. Effectiveness of Social Skill Training via Cognitive-Behavioral Approach on Reducing Symptoms of ADHD Disorder in Students. J Social Cognition 2014; 5(3): 57-72. [In Persian]
11. Rosenberg M. Nonviolent Communication: A language of compassion. Del Mar, CA: Puddle Dancer Press, 1999; 1-56.
12. Eisenberg N, McNally S. Socialization and mothers' and adolescents' empathy-related characteristics. J Res on Adolescence 1993; 3(2): 171-191.
13. Roberts W, Strayer J. Empathy, emotional expressiveness, and prosaically behavior. Child development 1996; 67(2): 449-470.
14. Butler AC, Chapman JE, Forman EM, Beck AT. The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses. Clinical psychology review 2006; 26(1):17-31.
15. Sapp M, Farrell W. Cognitive-behavioral interventions: Applications for academically at-risk and special education students. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth 1994; 38(2):19-24.
16. Zarghami F, Heidarinasab L, Shairi MR, Shahrivar Z. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Treatment Based on Kendall's Coping Program on Anxiety Disorders: A Transdiagnostic Approach. J Developmental Psychology 2015; 12 (45); 37-49 .[In Persian]
17. Sprich SE, SafrenSA, Finkelstein D, Remmer JE, Hammerness P. A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for ADHD in medication_treated adolescents. J child psychology and psychiatry 2016; 57(11): 1218_1226
18. Hofmann SG, Asnaani A, Vonk IJ, Sawyer AT, Fang A. The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Cognitive therapy and res 2012 ; 36(5): 427-40.
19. Flannery-Schroeder E, Suveg C, Safford S, Kendall PC, Webb A. Comorbid Externalizing Disorders and child Anxiety treatment outcomes. Behaviour change 2004; 21(1): 14-25.
20. Museux AC, Dumont S, Careau E, Milot É. Improving interprofessional collaboration: The effect of training in nonviolent communication. Social work in health care. 2016 2; 55(6): 427-39.
21. Battagliese G, Caccetta M, Luppino OI, Baglioni C, Cardi V, Mancini F, Buonanno C. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for externalizing disorders: A meta-analysis of treatment effectiveness. Behaviour res and therapy 2015; 31(75): 60-71.
22. Naseh A, Mahmoudi NY, Tizdast T, Salehi S. The Effectiveness of Group Story–Based Social Skills Training on Children Externalizing Behavior Problems. J Developmental psychology 2013; 35(9); 249-257 .[In Persian]
23. Sarihi N, Pournesaei GS, Nikaghlagh M. Effectiveness of group play therapy on behavior problems in preschool children. J Analytical – Cognitive Psycology 2015; 23(6); 35-41.[In Persian]
24. Rajabi Z, Najafi M, Mohammad Rezaee A. Effectiveness of Cognitive–Behavioral Group Therapy in Reducing Children’s Aggression. Clinical Phycology Studies 2013; 10(3): 55-71. [In Persian]
25. Dadsetan P, Ghanbari S, Heydari M. The Effectiveness of Behavioral Parent Training on Reducing Externalization Problems in 7 to 9 Years Old Children. J Psycology 2014; 17(4): 401-41. [In Persian]
26. Barzegar Z, Pourmohamadrezatajrishi M, Behnia F. The effectiveness of playing on externalizing problems in preschool children with behavioral problems. J Behavioral Sci 2012; 6 (4):13-14.[In Persian]
27. Lochman JE, Powell NP, Boxmeyer CL, Jimenez-Camargo L. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for externalizing disorders in children and adolescents. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N AM 2011; 20(2); 305-318
28. Juncadella, CM. What is the impact of the application of the nonviolent communication model on the development of empathy? Overview of research and outcomes. Uni Sheffield Dissertation 2013; 4-14.
29. Minaee A. Guidance to School form, Measurement system based on Akshenbach experiences. Tehran: Exceptional Children's Research Center 2005: 17-44. [In Persian]
30. Wales KC. Practical Guide to Cognitive-Behavioral Counter-Strength Therapy. Translated by Valizadeh. Tehran 2010. 16-90.
31. Savic IN.Giraffe Reflections: None-violent communication workshops for children aged 5-10 years. Translated by Sobhani. Tehran, Dat publication 2011. 1-144
32. Sadock BJ, SadockVA. Kaplan & Sadock's concise textbook of clinical psychiatry. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2008.
33. Shubina I. Counceling and therapy of patients with behavioural disorders using the cognitive_behavioural approach. Procedia_social and behavioral sciences 2016; 217, 1008_1018
34. Chatwin H, Stapleton P, Porter B, Devine S, Sheldon T. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Emotional Freedom Techniques in Reducing Depression and Anxiety among Adults: A Pilot Study. Integrative Medicine 2016 1; 15(2): 27-34.
35. Southam-Gerow MA, McLeod BD, Arnold CC, Rodríguez A, Cox JR, Reise SP, Bonifay WE, Weisz JR, Kendall PC. Initial development of a treatment adherence measure for cognitive–behavioral therapy for child anxiety. Psychological assessment 2016; 28(1):70.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | SSU_Journals

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb