Volume 23, Issue 11 (Feb 2016)                   JSSU 2016, 23(11): 1116-1126 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (3388 Views)

Introduction: Monocytes can interact with platelets due to their surface molecules such as P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), and form monocyte-platelet complex. In the present study, the effects of platelets interaction of platelet concentrates (PCs) and peripheral blood monocytes were investigated in vitro as a model to predict the probable interactions of these cells and consequently activation of monocytes.

Methods: In this experimental study, units of whole blood and PCs were prepared from Tehran Blood Transfusion Center. After isolation of monocytes from the whole blood, these cells were treated with PC- derived platelets. The activation of monocytes was assessed before and after treatment by the analysis of the respiratory burst of monocytes using dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR-123). The study data were analyzed using the non-parametric test of Wilcoxon.

Results: The purity of monocytes was determined as 86.1±2 using NycoPrep method. The respiratory burst of monocytes was increased after exposure with platelets. In fact, the difference was significant when platelets were used on the 5th day of storage (P=0.001).

Conclusions: The study findings revealed that platelets have an efficient capacity to stimulate and activate monocytes. The possible involvement of molecules in the interaction of platelet-monocyte demand to be further studied in future.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Immunology
Received: 2015/09/16 | Accepted: 2016/01/3 | Published: 2016/03/29