Volume 23, Issue 8 (Oct-Nov 2015)                   JSSU 2015, 23(8): 727-735 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahsavandi S, Ebrahimi M, Masoudi S. Induction of Programmed Cell Death in Human Alveolar Epithelial Cells Infected with Influenza Virus. JSSU. 2015; 23 (8) :727-735
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-3191-en.html
Abstract:   (4557 Views)

Introduction: Avian influenza viruses are considered as a serious threat to human and animal health. An increase in expression of proinflammatory cytokines and type I IFN genes, as well as host cell death responses contribute to the pathogenesis of influenza infection. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the growth dynamics of subacute avian influenza virus in human respiratory alveolar epithelium cells (A549).

Methods: The A549 cell cultures were infected at MOIs 0.1 and 2.0 viral doses in the presence and absence of trypsin. The virus growth kinetics were elucidated by the plaque assay and the cell viability was determined by MTT at various times after the infection. The induction quality of programmed cell death as well as the signal transduction pathway of death were assessed by genomic DNA fragmentation and western blotting respectively.

Results: The study findings indicated that although the H9N2 virus replication did produce a marked cytopathic effect on the alveolar cells, which led to a reduction in the cell viability, the viral titers were increased in the infected cells. The virus replication of in these cells indicated repression of host defense mechanism as well as activation of cell death. The induction of apoptosis in A549 cells was correlated with the increased virus titers as well as virus replication (p< 0.05).

Conclusion: H9N2 avian influenza virus were demonstrated to induce apoptosis in human alveolar epithelial cells via the intrinsic pathway in a dose-dependent manner.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2015/04/21 | Accepted: 2015/08/22 | Published: 2015/11/21

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