Volume 21, Number 6 (Jan-Feb 2014)                   JSSU 2014, 21(6): 840-849 | Back to browse issues page


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Darvishi Khezri H. The Role of Oral Care in Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia: A Literature Review. JSSU. 2014; 21 (6) :840-849
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-2551-en.html

Abstract:   (4555 Views)
Introduction: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection reported among mechanical ventilation patients in intensive care units(ICU). Ventilator-associated pneumonia is associated with increased morbidity, mortality hospital, length of stay and health care costs. Oral health can be compromised by critical illness and by mechanical ventilation and thus, it deteriorates over time. A relationship exists between oral health status and VAP that is influenced by nursing care. Oropharynx colonization is the main risk factor for the development of VAP. Also dental plaques can provide a habitat for microorganisms responsible for VAP. Oral care in critically ill patients is an important issue and nurses of intensive cares play a key role in preventing VAP. Educations for all nurses of intensive cares should focus on the risk factors for VAP as well as onthe preventive interventions. The aim of the present study was to review the literature focusing on oral care in prevention of VAP.
Full-Text [PDF 240 kb]   (1298 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review article | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2013/09/14 | Accepted: 2014/01/12 | Published: 2014/02/5

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