Volume 20, Number 2 (May-Jun 2012)                   JSSU 2012, 20(2): 211-19 | Back to browse issues page


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Zamani Z, Reisi P, Alaei H, Pilehvarian A. Effect of Royal Jelly on Improving Passive Avoidance Learning and Spatial Learning and Memory in Rats. JSSU. 2012; 20 (2) :211-19
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1981-en.html

Abstract:   (17409 Views)
Introduction: Studies have proposed that royal jelly(RJ) has various biological activities in different cells and tissues. Since it has been demonstrated that RJ contains compounds having desirable effects on central neurons system and neural functions, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of royal jelly on learning and memory in rats. Methods: Male wistar rats were divided into two groups, the royal jelly and the control. In the RJ group, the rats received a food that contained 3% RJ instead of regular food for 10 days. Then learning and memory were investigated in these animals through both passive avoidance learning test(1 day and 1 week after receiving electrical shock) and Morris water maze test(1 day and 1 week after a 4-day learning period). Results: The study results indicated that the food containing RJ in the RJ group significantly increased the time of the first entrance to the dark room one week after the electrical shock in passive avoidance learning test. In other words, the findings suggest an improvement of learning and memory in RJ group. In the acquisition phase of Morris water maze test, rats receiving RJ found the underwater escape plate during less time and distance comparing with the control group. Furthermore, one week after the acquisition phase, in the retention phase, rats spent more time in the quadrant in which the escape plate was previously located. Conclusion: The present study findings propose that Royal Jelly can improve cognitive processes through positive effects on neural functions and probably has a significant influence on prevention and therapy of some neuronal disorders.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2012/07/1

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