Volume 13, Issue 1 (spring 2005)                   JSSU 2005, 13(1): 38-46 | Back to browse issues page

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Mardani M, Nasr-Esfahani M, Razavi S, Shamayely-Yeganeh I. Effect of Seminal Vesicles and Dithiotritol (Dtt) on Stability of Sperm Chromatin. JSSU. 2005; 13 (1) :38-46
URL: http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-1350-en.html
Abstract:   (9587 Views)
Introduction: Different studies have shown that there is no relation between sperm chromatin stability and fertilization rate in both IVF and ICSI patients. However, the relation between SDS tests, as a detergent, along with DTT as reducer of disulphide bridges has not been studied so far in ICSI patients. Since different concentrations of DTT can induce different degrees of sperm chromatin decondensation, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of DTT on sperm chromatin decondensation in IVF and ICSI cases. Methods: During this study, 85 patients were divided into two groups according to their treatment procedure (IVF or ICSI).Semen samples of each patient was evaluated for sperm chromatin tests including SDS, SDS+EDTA & SDS+DTT for assessment of free thiole groups level (-SH), amount of non covalent bond between Zn and thioles(-SH Zn SH-) and levels of disulfide bond (-S-S-) in sperm chromatin, respectively. In this study, seminal fructose concentration, corrected seminal fructose level and true corrected fructose level as indicators of seminal vesicle function on sperm chromatin stability were assessed. Results: No correlation was observed between any of the above tests and rate of fertilization, both in IVF and ICSI cases. However, in IVF patients, a significant correlation was observed between SDS, SDS+DTT test and seminal fructose level, while in ICSI patients, only a significant correlation was observed between SDS+DTT and corrected or true fructose concentration. Conclusion: Since no correlation was observed between sperm chromatin test and fertilization rate, it is suggested that the chromatin status of these samples are adequate for fertilization to take place and extent of disulphide bridges has no effect on fertilization rate. However, the amount of disulphide bound present in sperms of ICSI and IVF patients are different, and this difference is related to seminal vesicle performance in these patients.
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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2011/01/29 | Published: 2005/04/15

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